While the Ministry of Labor disseminates reassuring data on the JOBS ACT – more than 48,000 permanent places in April; more than 210,000 activations of employment contracts in the month. To be exact, in April there were 171,515 activations of new permanent contracts against 122,979 terminations with a positive balance of over 48,000 stable contracts. Hirings were higher than in April 2014 (112,839) and in the same month the activations of new employment contracts were 756,926, approximately 210,000 more than the terminations recorded in the period (546,382) – the OECD raises the alarm for Italy.
Right now we know that Italy is second to last in the OECD area for employment of young people, behind only Greece: between 2007 and 2013 the employment rate in the 15-29 age group fell by almost 12 points percentages, going from 64.33% to 52.79%. According to the organization, there are "unfavorable conditions and weaknesses in the labor market, and in social and educational institutions". While there is a boom in young 'Neets', i.e. not employed in school or in training, 26.09% are under 30.
Now we have to consider another important fact. The sector that makes the most and offers the most work, i.e. that meets the most demand and supply both on the consumer market and on that of work and production, it is precisely that of services. We see this for example with Uber.
In fact, Istat tells us that according to the very recent data of December 2014:
in the first quarter of the year, the turnover of services recorded +0.3% compared to the fourth quarter of 2014 and +0.6% compared to the first quarter of 2014. On a monthly basis, the motor vehicle maintenance and repair sectors increased the most, registering a +1.3%, and postal services and courier business with +1.1%. On a year-on-year basis, the largest increase was seen in the wholesale trade, which recorded a growth of 1.3%.
So what is driving this see-saw dance of youth employment and unemployment data?
It is a reality that is evolving before our eyes. The ever-changing world of work is what underlies the paradigm shift that the economic crisis is imposing.
Or rather, let's put it this way: the new regulations, while 'primitive', are slow to 'practice' the change imposed first by globalization and then by the internet ... despite the Jobs Act.
Bersani's liberalizations were, and still are, an incredible insight into ways of working that change with the times.
However, all this leads to uncertainties and the disintegration of ancient schemes which should instead be supported, guided and inserted into the new organizational methods. This is the sense of the Bersani Law, this is the reason for the failure of the changes introduced with the Monti government.
But leaving aside the jurisprudential controversies – especially those that see Uber singled out as a 'override' service (and in fact one could not say the opposite according to current Italian laws) of the already existing and legally managed and regulated services – let's take a closer look what are the services that new technologies could develop to produce more GDP and above all more jobs.
The Internet is a vital resource for work.
The Internet has created a veritable 'silent revolution', above all of thought, changing the way of communicating and influencing the economy, politics and law. Free of mediation, each user is free to make his own contribution, participating in the exchange of information, ideas, the expansion of contacts, the creation of start-ups.
Access to the internet therefore becomes fundamental today for the creation of social well-being.
The Internet's only real sticking point is privacy.
Already in 2014, according to Istat data, access to the network increased from 60.7% to 64% and the number of Italian families that have a connection device and ultra-broadband (WiFi) increased from 59.7% to 62.7% .
The change goes on despite attempts to harness it in patterns of 'ancient memory'.
There will be 50 billion devices connected to the Internet in 2020, maybe more. The internet of things is the new frontier of business and it will be worth $1.7 trillion in 2019. In Europe alone, Internet-related professions will offer 150,000 jobs over the next two years. Social networks are the backbone of digital relationships.
In fact it is precisely these hours, reading the online newspaper Wired, the assignment of the right of veto, by the United States, on the assignment of DNS domains. L'Icann, the American Authority that assigns domain names lets it be known, from the voice of its CEO, that the US has understood that a new model is needed open and inclusive, resistant to any attempt at governmental or corporate control and should not be delegated to supranational entities such as the UN where the veto power of some actors could jeopardize their freedom and efficiency.
By June the definitive proposals will arrive from all the actors, all the countries interested and with access to the Internet, and by 30 September the transition could be a reality. We don't know more but the passage is historic, as well as risky. We may face further attempts to rein in the Internet.
And that wouldn't be a good thing.
The Internet is expanding the possibilities of creating jobs and new professional skills, even within public administrations.
But the critical point, as we said, is the right to privacy.
In fact, the question concerns the dual tendency of policy makers who, while trying to spread access to the Internet, are at the same time committed to fighting the criminal phenomena on the net. The latter is one of the elements that most opposes the thesis that recognizes access to the web as a fundamental right of the individual to which a correlative obligation of the States should correspond. – You always read on Wired
The tool is the content
We know that the Internet user is looking for information and training.
In Italy, in 2014, about a third of Internet users resorted to services cloud to access your files. Spaces for archiving/sharing on the Internet are mostly used by men (30.2% against 26.1% for women) and by people between 18 and 34 years old. Why? But it's simple. Because they try to make their lives easier with 'services' that don't weigh down their pockets and don't affect availability and usability times. It is the philosophy of the 'new public administration', it is the philosophy of the Internet which imposes that change in the efficiency and validity of the contents which we have been pursuing so much until today
However, the concern of illicit use of the Internet does not legitimize restrictions on the enjoyment of its important benefits. In this context, the greatest legal challenge is to balance, on the one hand, the protection of online users and, on the other hand, respect for the freedom gained with this means of communication, without resorting to excessive and disproportionate.
Denying access to the internet would in fact mean harming fundamental human rights, such as freedom of expression, the right to information, education, development and equality. (Pisani wrote some time ago – collaborator of the Institute of International Legal Studies -CNR in Rome)
For this the House of Representatives he strongly wanted the public consultation on Internet access rights, with the supervision, participation and advice of eminent experts in the sector
The new Internet professions
The growing diffusion of web 2.0, i.e. that of blogs, social networks, Youtube, Wikipedia, that of 'geeks', in short, once defined as 'ideological hackers', has accelerated social change and produced a counter-information that has revealed some 'flaws' and falsehood of the world built and constituted according to ancient methods of political and social interaction.
However, this unveiling has also produced new skills and has increased the demand for 'real' information. The open data they are the modality of this increased demand for 'transparency'.
This change has produced and continues to produce new professionals: web designer, web master, content curator, Seo specialist, CEO, web data analyst, twitter specialist, facebook specialist, web usability expert, web advertising campaign curator, web statistic, open data, open data expert, community manager, web editor… all professions of the future, all professions of change. Who said the internet steals jobs?
The instability created by the historical passage must not disorient the perspectives of flexibility. This is the true flexibility of the future and which is not said to be 'unstable'. Rather, it is the design of democratic and secure rules that creates greater or lesser social stability.
Let's go slowly but … let's go!!