Today we know how much the problems gripping the Public Administration end up having an important weight and impact on every aspect of daily social life. And this because the Public Administration is the institution par excellence responsible for governance, to the public affairs, to the management of public res. Consequently it is very important that it is transparent, accessible and efficient towards the outside but to obtain these results it is very important that it is sustainable and livable inside. These results are obtained with greater attention to the skills, abilities, preparation, training and motivation of personnel. In short, the real exposed nerve of the Public Administration is the army of those who work for it. A quality Public Administration requires quality and motivated employees, each with their own mission well structured and internalized, alien to declassification, declassification from the organic structure of the personnel in charge, be it of any order, grade or level. and above all to the 'downgrading' of which there is so much talk today.
The regulation of public personnel is a long-standing problem concerning about three million employees throughout Italy. The functionality of this huge device is not simple. Every niche, every sector, is influenced by general bargaining but then is subject to the implementation of the legislation by its own management: this applies both to healthcare, education, transport - in short, services - and local authorities (Regions, Municipalities, etc…). A sea of union parcelling that would confuse anyone.
Therefore, beyond the fact that there is a need to make the legislation governing the public sector more homogeneous and easier to understand, it is even more important that within each sector there is clarity of intent and purpose such as to make the objective, which is then of interest to society, ie that of the efficiency and effectiveness of the services rendered by the Public Administration to citizens, easily achievable.
The impasse that the regional sector finds itself experiencing (like almost all public sectors) is often – and in the majority of cases – caused by an excessive presence of personnel not well destined for specific purposes, who more often than not, with the passage of time, becomes either obsolete or functional only to the spoil system and/or connection to the "political power" of the moment, without any meritorious recognition, neither for the person himself, nor for the activity to be carried out, nor for the quality of the action it affects, and contributing, indeed, to the internal block of new hires or new organizational forms to be implemented.
For this reason, the government has bet many chances of its effectiveness on the reform of the public administration.
In addition to the main focus on the 'transparency' of both administrative actions and the organization of the entire apparatus, the truly epochal reform was given by new technologies with Open Data and open software. But from a research conducted by ForumPa - the permanent Public Administration Forum - it appears that the Regions, for example, listed among the Local Authorities, do not fully correspond to the objectives of transparency and sharing of open data and management software, both between various sectors of the administrations themselves, and with citizens.
Campania needless to say is last. It results from the research that compared to a 91% of open data obligations in Piedmont, Campania records a 77.61%. Behind Basilicata, far behind even Molise – small regions that should have less available resources and human capital.
The following table shows the data from the research conducted by ForumPa on compliance with the mandatory data to be published by the Regions. The 'PA Number' column shows the numbers of the Administrations that have published data. The 'Total PA' column shows the number of Public Administrations present in the reference region.
He writes Carlo Mochi Sismondi, President of FORUM PA , in the preface to the research:
Of all the reforms of the PA that have followed, from that of Remo Gaspari who produced the famous law 241/90 on transparency to those of Sacconi, Cassese, Bassanini, Frattini, Brunetta, the one designed by the enabling law that arrived in the Chamber after a long and complex process in the Senate and known as the "Madia Law" is probably the one that is most likely to affect the numbers of public administrations. It will affect the fundamental numbers given by the costs for the structures and for the personnel, not only because it is perhaps the most demanding in terms of the delegated legislative decrees that it will give birth to, but also because they will touch some areas of the administrative machine that for now had escaped previous rationalization attempts.
Overall, the administrations have responded to the obligations imposed by legislative decrees 33 and 39 of 2013, but with great interpretative difficulty and often with only formal fulfilments. The causes indicated by the ANAC (National Anti-corruption Authority) for this partial failure are: obscurity and legislative overabundance (several things have been regulated 'n' times); excessive weight of the fulfilments of the administrations (appointment of managers, plans, reports, etc.) often only formal.
The ANAC has also prepared a check by the Independent Bodies of evaluation and a first analysis of those 84% of administrations that on average publish the data a further 16% has insufficient or low quality data, thus bringing the degree of compliance to 71%