We hear more and more often about , Smart City, technological infrastructures, connectivity and digital divide, broadband, green economy, open data and open source.. They are all topics related toDigital Agenda: a project born concretely in Europe and spread in all countries adhering to the Union.
The point is that it is becoming increasingly mandatory to carry out this project for which Europe allocates funds, both to encourage European countries to implement new development and cohesion policies especially in times of economic crisis, and because globalization imposes a renewed vision social, and should also be managed in those countries most closely linked to the most recent tradition.
This is the sociological aspect. Let's see, now, going into more detail.
The Digital Agenda is developed above all with the intention of creating low-cost, low-environmental-impact service networks for citizens. But to do this, a widespread diffusion of Internet access is necessary.
They were 2.33% in 1996, increased to 60.67% in 2013. An increase of approximately 141%. We talk about internet access in Italy. At the moment, in Campania it has gone from a diffusion of internet access of the 1,40% of 1997 to 55,14% of the 2013. The best data ever is provided by the Region Lombardy which went from a 2,80% of hits in 1997 to a 64,70% of Internet accesses in the 2013, with about 4% having a higher percentage than the rest of the country.
Tuscany follows the same trend as Lombardy, while the Calabria is bringing up the rear with just 51.64% of accesses in 2013
It's still little. The coverage must be total. This is what the cohesion funds earmarked for the "Digital Agenda" are aiming for, because as you say the art. 119, paragraph 5 of the Constitution : To promote economic development, cohesion and social solidarity, to remove economic and social imbalances, to encourage the effective exercise of individual rights, or to provide for purposes other than the normal exercise of their functions, the State allocates additional resources and carries out special interventions in favor of certain Municipalities, Provinces, Metropolitan Cities and Regions.
As part of the Digital Agenda, at the moment, the loans monitored are in 2.5 billion euros, of which 1.5 billion actually spent on 20,197 projects, of these a large portion, around 82.35%, was bought by purchasing goods and services. The 11.5% is intended for infrastructure, the 5.67% for business loans and only the 0.93% are contributions to individuals who have requested it.
Even more in detail: in Campania funding was received for 1,836 projects for a figure of 133 million euros – almost 43 euros per capita – but currently only 83.5 million euros have been spent, so far North Naples. The other 49.5 million remain at stake. Why?
TO Salerno projects were financed for 79.6 million euros - around 71 euros per capita - for 759 projects. Of this tranche, 53 million were actually paid. 26.6 million euros remain.
To Avellino the funding share was 11.2 million euros - 25 euros per capita - for 300 projects of which 6.7 million paid. 4.5 million remain.
Caserta it received 20 million – 21 euros per capita – of which 12 million was spent on 558 projects. There remain 8 million euros already funded
Benevento it received 11.2 million euros for 274 projects - 38 euros per capita - of which 5.6 million euros were spent. 5.6 million euros remain
In practice, there are 94.2 million loans not yet spent to carry out projects that have already been put in place, or still to be put in place, in the pipeline
The European Digital Agenda is a project that was essentially born in Europe on 19 May 2010 and is one of the 7 strategies implemented by Europe for the growth and development of the countries of the Union. All these initiatives today take the name of Europe 2020, as we all know, because they aim to achieve social goals by 2020.
The Italian Digital Agenda (ADI) was established on 1 March 2012 by decree of the Minister of Economic Development, in concert with the Minister of Public Administration and Simplification, the Minister of Territorial Cohesion, the Minister of Education and university and research and the Minister of Economy and Finance.
Refers to the Decree Law of 18 October 2012, No. 179 "Further urgent measures for the growth of the country" - the so-called Growth 2.0 provision – in which the measures for the concrete application of the ADI are envisaged. The main interventions are foreseen in the sectors of digital identity, Public Administration, especially Transparency and Open data, measures for digital education, digital health, to bridge the digital gap, for electronic payments and for digital justice.
And yet it moves!